دراسة علي مشروع دلتا القاش الزراعي وإمكانية استغلاله كمورد للإنتاج الحيواني

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Date
2007
Authors
أبوبكر موسى عبدالله إبراهيم
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UOFK
Abstract
Livestock in Elgash area plays an important role in the livelihood and economics of people. The area is characterized by a large herd with high potentials. The study reveals that:- The population of the animal wealth in El gash area is 771 397 animal heads. The sheep represents 304 409, the cattle 164481, the goats 193 834, the camels 108673 animal heads. The sheep is the species that can verify welfare in the area. The area is characterized by a type of cattle with a local name (Arachia) which produces about (2.5-6) kg / day in one milking. The calving interval of cattle in the area is estimated as (2- 4) years. The maximum number of calves born through out producing life is "5" calves. The twinning rate in sheep and goat is estimated as (40 _70) %, with a lambing interval (8 – 12) months. The abortion rate is less than 5% in sheep and goats in its maximum. The milk production in sheep and goat is estimated as (1-1.5) kg day. The off- take of livestock in the area is as follows: Sheep (5- 15) %, goats (5- 10) %, cattle and camel 5% and 2 % respectively. The most favorite type in livestock marketing is sheep, goat and cattle respectively. The animal owners in the area are categorized in three levels as follows :- A – The rich level owns 30 cattle, 50 sheep, 20 goats and 50 camels. B - The middle level owns 10 cattle and 15 sheep. C- The poor level owns 5- 10 heads of goats. There are some families in the area specialized in camels breeding and rearing. The prevailing grazing system in the area is the traditional both nomadic and resident. The study recommended the change of El gash Agricultural scheme to a mixed farming scheme considering the animal as the first cash crop, by directing most of the project components to the animal production.
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