The Role of Extension in The Development and Management of Forestry in Yemen: Sana'a, Dhamar and Tihama

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Alyousfi ,Aref Mohammed Dahan
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University of khartoum
The main objective of this study is to search and investigate the role of agricultural and extension in motivating local people to participate in forest and resources activities among the different topographic environments in Yemen. The awareness of farmers and their perception towards trees and other natural resources in the past and present were identified and the role of extension to raise their awareness and develop their skills was considered. The study was based on structured questionnaires and farms survey in addition to interviewing some old people to identify their area's status in the past. A second questionnaire is for forestry and environment authorities based on identifying the extent of their concepts towards the extension and environment principles. The data analysis was based on the coefficient of conformity test that provided a statistical comparison between the different areas, identifying the extent of similarities or differences. The results indicated that the selected areas were covered with natural forests that were continuously cleared for agricultural development into a purely agro-ecological cultivated land. The study shows that farmers are aware about the environmental problems created as a result of complete clearance of forest cover. In spite of the small size of their farms, their adoption to tree planting on their farms is confirmed. Co-existence of trees with crops is encouraged mainly in the form of boundary belts to provide protection without reducing the area of cultivated land. Farmers' knowledge about on-farm tree management is indicated by species selection, boundary planting, age-grouping in some of the areas and perception of farmers about Trees benefits. Farms management for multiple purposes including animals feed is also an indicator of farmer's knowledge about their resources management. Extension relations with farmers is a further development towards farmers encouragement to adopt agroforestry system and improve their management skill. Still, further development into incorporation of extension material such as tree planting, conservation and management is shown to be necessary. The coefficient of conformity shows that some differences exist between areas and may necessitate appropriate planning for extension in each area.
Management of Forestry;Yemen; Dhamar; Tihama