The Socio-economic and Environmental Impact of the Displaced People :The Case Study of Dar El Salam Camp, Jebel Awlia Locality South Khartoum

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Mohmoud, Abd El Aziz Awad Mohmoud
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This study was conducted in 2003-2004 in attempt to investigate the social economic & environmental impacts of the displaced people in Dar El Salam camp , Jebel Awlia locality, Khartoum State. Khartoum State was subjected to many waves of internal displacement since 1983 and till now. These waves were caused as a consequence of armed conflicts in the southern part of the country. Also due to drought that hardly hit the country during 1983-1985 especially Kordofan and Darfur. Further reason is the tribal conflicts in south Kordofan and Darfur. The objectives of the study is to draw a population map in the study area and to know the poverty situation and the efforts of the government, NGOs, the United Nations agencies to help the displaced. Also to explore the displaced opinions about their desire to stay where they are or return back home. The study aims to aware the community about the problem so as to participate in the field , and to encourage the organizations to intervene in the same direction. The study examined the problems that face the displaced people in the area and how is the condition of their livelihood. This was carried out by depending on direct observation , direct interview, a questionnaire and other documentary sources. iii The main findings is that the displaced are located in the outer scares of the cities without satisfactory services. Having no skills to work as a result of coming from rural areas. Displacement result in labour shortage in the place of origin and influx of unskilled labour to urban center raising the size of population in Khartoum considerably which result in creating many problems to the urban and great pressure on services. The study recommends that it is necessary to encourage optional reverse migration of displaced to their origin by helping them and solving the problems they may face. That includes: 1. Upgrading the displaced skills by training them new skills to depend on themselves. To implement some projects in the displaced home lands so as to help and encourage the reverse migration of the displaced. 2. Establishing reception centers in the push areas and provide it with decent services in order to reduce the influx of internal displacement - project the internal displacement question to the international community in order to boost support for affected communities. 3. Encouraging the displaced who have the desire to be trained to raise their skills by joining the training centers by the government.
Socio-economi,Environmental ,Impact , Displaced ,People