Comparison of Biochemical Parameters between Camel, Sheep and Cattle

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Maha Mansour Abdel Bari, Bari
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The blood lipids profile was measured and studied in the camel as a pseudoruminant and compared with the cattle and sheep as true ruminants. Results obtained showed clear differences in certain parameters and some similarities in the others. In the camel serum, the total lipids value was significantly lower compared to sheep and cattle. Total cholesterol and its fractions free cholesterol and cholesteryl esters recorded very low values in camel compared to the sheep and cattle. These findings suggest that the lower total lipids in the camel were mainly due to the low level of the total blood cholesterol. In sheep, the total lipids were significantly lower than that of the cattle and this is mainly can be attributed to the lower levels reported as the cholesteryl esters and phospholipids. Triglycerides concentration in the species reported similar values. Phospholipids in camel were higher than sheep whereas they were significantly lower than that of cattle. Free fatty acids concentration in the camel was similar to sheep but it was about half the concentration in cattle serum. Ketone bodies concentration in camel blood was very low compared to true ruminants. Aceto acetate level in camel serum represented the quarter of the aceto acetate levels in sheep and cattle. β-hydroxybutyrate level in camel was-1/10 of its level in sheep and 1/20 of its level in cattle. Fatty acids composition of cholesteryl esters revealed that palmitic acid was the predominant fatty acid in the three species followed by the oleic acid. Triglycerides fatty acids composition also showed that palmitic acid was predominate in the three species followed by lauric and stearic in camel, linolenic and oleic in sheep and stearic and linolenic in the cattle. Phospholipid fatty acid composition presented the palmitic acid as predominate in camel and sheep followed by lauric and stearic in camel and linolenic and lauric in sheep while in cattle the predominate fatty acid was stearic followed by palmitic and linolenic. The blood glucose in camel was very high compared to the true ruminants as it was twice the level in sheep. Urea in the camel was higher than true ruminants specially when compared with sheep as it was more than double the level in sheep serum. In contrast uric acid had lower value in camel relative to sheep and cattle. Total protein, albumin and globulin represented similar proportions in the three species
Comparison of Biochemical Parameters between Camel, Sheep and Cattle