Field Investigation, Clinical and Laboratory Findings of Camel Mastitis

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Date
2015-06-23
Authors
Ali Ibrahim Obeid, Obeid
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Publisher
UOFK
Abstract
Mastitis in the camel (Camelus dromedarius) has been investigated by field survey, clinical examination and laboratory findings. Field investigation has been reflected on problems pertaining to management. Emphasis has been laid on occurrence, predisposing factors and treatment of mastitis in the camel. Clinical findings were mainly based on udder palpation which revealed the presence of acute, sub acute and chronic forms of mastitis in the camel. The laboratory findings were conducted by rapid mastitis test (RMT), leukocyte counts, milk ring test (MRT) and culturing on various culture media. A total of 763 composite milk samples were aseptically collected from milking she-camels in the Eastern Region of the Sudan. The results were analysed to show that the RMT is a suitable tool for detection of mastitis in the she-camels. The leukocyte counts were equally valuable for detection of mastitis in the camel. Streptococcus agalactiae, Staphylococcus aureus, Staph. albus, Streptococcus spp., Micrococcus spp. and E. coli forms were isolated at a percentages of 26.5%, 16.9%, 6%, 1.7%, 1.6% and 0.7%, respectively. It was not possible to isolate Mycoplasma, pathogenic fungi and anaerobic organisms from cultured camel's milk. The sensitivity of organisms to different antibiotics showed different resistance. These results were analysed, discussed and some suggestions were laid down for future investigation of the disease.
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Field Investigation, Clinical and Laboratory Findings of Camel Mastitis
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