Economic Impact of Malaria on the Laboureres of the Industrial Sector in Khartoum State

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Manal Abd/ Rahman Abd/ Majed, Mohammed
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The main aim of this study is to explore the economic impact of malaria on the labourer of the industrial sector in Khartoum state. To evaluate this impact, a study is undertaken on the Chemical industries Sector in North Khartoum. For the purpose of this study a questionnaire designed and distributed upon a sample of 200 labourers in the selected sector, the number of the labourers from each sub sector was selected on the basis of the number of the labourers on the whole sector over the number of the labourers on the sub sector and then their ratio to the sample size, the number of the labourers from each factory was selected on the basis of the number of the selected labourers from the sub sector over the number of the operating factories. The research finds that, malaria incidence which has positive relation with age, has negative relation with monthly income, analysis to confirm infection with malaria, protection from malaria and taken meats and fruits. The research proved that, the total direct economic cost of malaria, that has positive relation with the educational level, the social status and visiting the doctor, has negative relation with using drib for treatment and fans in rooms, it also exposed that the mean of the total direct economic cost of malaria was 4489.15 (SD) and the mean savings reduction amongst labourers is 48.6%. As for the indirect economic cost of malaria, the research proved that, total working days lost has positive relation with malaria incidence, housing grade and visiting private clinics and has negative relation with o Syphone. The total working days lost due to malaria amongst labourer was 12.73 days. On the other hand, 83.5% from the labourers have their productivity reduced, because of loss of their fitness. Lastly the proportion of the lost production due to malaria incidence was 2.8%. The study recommended; the importance of the care of labourers health through health insurance systems, the provision of suitable housing environment and other amenities
Economic Impact , Malaria , Laboureres , Industrial Sector , Khartoum State