Community-Based Animal Healthcare Intervention And Delivery Of Veterinary Services In Sudan With Special Reference To Westkordofan State

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Date
2015-04-05
Authors
Taha, Yassir
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Publisher
University of Khartoum
Abstract
Community-based animal healthcare intervention (Community medicine), it is a new branch of preventive medicine. This study was the first in nature in Sudan; it was conducted in WKS to determine the role of community medicine programmes in animal health through training and supporting of vet-paraprofessional (CBAHWs) which have been latterly well recognized by OIE (2001). The study revealed that community medicine programs have played good role in animal health, especially in vaccination activities against epidemic diseases with special reference to Rp eradication strategy according to OIE/GREP pathway; CBAHWs vaccination activities against Rp represents 27% of the total number of cattle (3116068) vaccinated since (1989-2001). While a total number of: (840040, 356170, 348940, 38515, 485000 and 3500) animals were vaccinated against Hs, BQ, Anthrax, CBPP, sheep pox and PPR respectively, mainly through CBAHWs trained by (R & I Orgs) (1997-2003). Result of SPSS analysis showed that vaccination activities is highly significance (P> 0.01) at AuRRs and had significantly higher (P> 0.01) of the total veterinary services introduced in rainy season over vaccination activities in dry season. SWOT analysis revealed that lack of follow up at field level and poor equipping played negative impact on diagnosis ability, treatment attitude and disease reporting of trained (CBAHWs). This comes in line with SPSS analysis, which showed that only 6.5% of surveyed populations were accessed to treatment activities of CBAHWs. 5 SPSS analysis proved that 53.1% of the total populations surveyed were accessed to community medicine programs. While 31% have recognized the role of CBAHWs in vaccination. 17% showed that CBAHWs tend to deal with drug trading rather than their original job specified. The study also revealed the importance role of ethnoveterinary medicine as well as veterinary private sectors in development of community medicine training programmes. Also the study proved that well involving of EVM; (disease etiology and preventive procedures). In addition to problems and constrains which mainly prioritized by the community; (Ticks and TBD 97.8%, Fasciolosis 63.1%, grazing associated problems 64.5%, Trypanosmiasis 49.7% and Brucellosis 9.5%) in training curricula have a major role in sustainability and acceptance of community medicine programmes in pastoralist’s communities.
Description
174 Pages
Keywords
Veterinary,Surveys,Fao Livestock,Water,Grazing Habitat
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