Prevalence of Hepatitis C Virus Antibodies in Blood Donors at Khartoum Teaching Hospital

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Date
2015-03-31
Authors
Osman, Salma
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Publisher
UOFK
Abstract
Infection with HCV is a major cause of transfusion associated hepatitis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The present study was conducted with an objective to estimate the prevalence of anti-HCV antibody among voluntary blood donors attending the transfusion department at Khartoum Teaching Hospital. Across sectional study was conducted from Jaunuary to February 2004. Third generation ELISA method was used. Repeated positive results on ELISA were used to confirm results. The population included 117 Sudanese, 2 Ethiopians and one Egyptian, making a total of 120. The age of donors (all males) was between 18 and 52 (mean 30.9). Anti-HCV antibody was detected in 1.7% of the study population. Anti- HCV antibodies were not detected in non-Sudanese donors. Conclusion : The prevalence of anti-HCV among voluntary blood donors is 1.7%. Routine screening for anti-HCV should be conducted for all blood donors before they are accepted for donation
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Keywords
Hepatitis C Virus, Antibodies ,Blood Donors,Blood transfusion
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