Historical Evolution of Mosque Architecture.

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Omer Ahmed, Shanab
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From the historical point of view, this study is divided into four chapters. Each of the famous Islamic historical periods. The first chapter tended to investigate the beginning of the phenomenon of the mosque building depending upon the legality showed by Holly Koran, and Prophet's traditions. Then explored the first Prophet’s mosque at Madina through the Prophet life and pointed out its architectural characteristics, and origin which showed the great relation to the building traditions in EL Higas region. It also dealt with the influences affected the building in regard to the different settlement situations of Muslims in lraq and EL Sham areas, and discussed the previous studies and assumptions made about first Iraqi-mosque explaining their misunderstanding of the Arabic historical sources terminologies, which lead to the wrongly stated features of this mosque building. The second chapter whild tracing the evolution of the building through the Umayyaa period, also devoted itself to continue tackling the previous studies made about the Iraq-mosque which aimed at .this period to relate the evolution showed at later periods, to the Persian architectural traditions, and finished to the fact that the Iraqi-mosque in its Umayyaa latest style of building was not but area copy of the' mother mosque at Madina. This chapter also handled the works of the Umayyaa Kalifa made in EL Sham region pointing out their great influences upon the formation of the Muslim religious architectural features, and showed two different lines of mosque building adopted as a result of the interference caused by the private building ideology of the Umayyad Kalifs themselves. Through the third chapter, the study gave the features and the characteristics of the first Abbasic works as a continuity of the previous style which was mostly affected by the political and regions unities. Then it showed how the mosque building was affected by the lost of these unities and determined the main features which continued to affect the building for even longer than the end of Abbassid dynasty. The fourth chapter is exploring the evolution of the building design after the Abbassid period, analyzed the main features of Mamluk, safarid, and Othman styles which proved the great affect of political and religious aspects upon the late mosque building. And lastly, the study determined its conclusion which were divided into three parts of which: - The first one concerned wirh he vamendments of the previous studies. -The second one stated characteristics of the mosque building through out its history. -The third one dealt with the problems raised by contemporary, mosque building design from the point of view that includes the design positive gained through the building history.
Historical Evolution of Mosque Architecture.