استخدام تكنولوجيا المعلومات في التعليم عن بعد

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Date
2015-05-10
Authors
حسام الدين عوض الله أحمد القدال
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Publisher
University of Khartoum
Abstract
The advent of Globalization as concept coincides with huge technological development to different fields of knowledge in general and to the field of Information and Technology in particular. The result of the combination of the two concepts has led to the so called the Tele Matics of Information revolution. Again, the intermingling of the above mentioned has also given rise to new inventions namely: personalcomputer (CP), CD/ROM and a variety of networks, Tele conferncing, on the line transmission and other devices and electroics that have changed the life on the earth. Despite the points mentioned above, education system is still having the traditional image, thus facing a lot of problem which made it unable to play its role satisfactorily, then the distance Education ensues as a concept parallet to the traditional Education. It offers a chance to thosewho have been prevented from having formal different reason, to benefit from the chance of self-continuing distance education. Distance Education itself tend to use the same traditional ways and means of learning, thus, using E-mail, home learning etc. By the venture of the latest technologies developed the channals of Distance learning gets extended to include the A. V the Audio Visual devces, T.V and broadcasting services in addition to on time through the satellite together with Information networks, Video Conferencing, e-mail. These electronics as a whole make possible the remote coverage of events. By passing the geographicalobstacle and time limitations and it make it possible to have global classrooms to accommodate to have and then instructors our root. The above mentioned variation in the information development have changed the role of the instructor from being the source of information who is planning the Educational processes to guide to direct thestudents towards using the new technological aspect, and receiving them from various. Stillthe academic counselor has a vital role to play in the (D.Ls) Distance Learning system, since he is present with the students in the learning Institution. He can arrange and administer Seminarrs during which he can also help the student in understanding and acquiring much Information and by so doing he gets a feedback. D.L in the sudan follows the conventional system since the universities offering such education are originally traditional institutions embodied units of D.L. It is only the Sudan Open Learning University that has especially been established to offer D.L. Furthermore most of the universities are focusing on student abroad and there is no use of application of Information technology in programmes. This is not due to finacial constraint, but is due to the fear the technology itself. The biggest problem of Text books. The available Text books perfect needs more scrutiny in order to be satisfactory. The Ministry of Higher Education did not impose restriction from the start to control those interventions, whch deal with D.L.. In conclusion, we could say that if the tecnology is rationally used in the Sudanese learning istitution, this will be a large qualitative transfer in terms of perfection. We feel that D.L. should be based on the society genuine requirement and should also contribute to the natioal development planning.
Description
152 Pages
Keywords
شبكات المعلومات; الألياف الضوئية; الاتصال الكيبلي; نظام الكيبل; تكنولوجيا المعلومات; التعليم عن بعد; الأقمار الاصطناعية
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