A comparative Study on the Occurrence of Brucellosis Between Sudan and the Sultanate of Oman

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Date
2015-05-14
Authors
Elyass, Taghreed Abu oaf
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Publisher
University of Khartoum
Abstract
This is a discriptive retrospective study to determine the number of cases of brucellosis among human population during the years 1995 to 2003 and the number of cases of brucellosis among cattle, goat, sheep and camel during the years 1997 to 2003 in Sudan and the Sultanate of Oman. The study aims at comparing the occurrence of brucellosis in both countries. This study is composed of an introduction about brucellosis, a literature review on its epidemiology, statistical data were collected and analysed; the results showed that the occurrance of human brucellosis was higher in the Sultanate of Oman than in Sudan. The occurrance of bovine brucellosis was 7% in Sudan and 6% in the Sultanate of Oman, caprine brucellosis was 5% in the Sultanate of Oman and it was insignificant in Sudan. While the occurrance of ovine brucellosis was insignifficant in both Sudan and the Sultanate of Oman, the occurrence of camel brucelosis was 4% in Sudan and 1% in the Sultanate of Oman. Emphasis was made on interpreting and comparing the results between the two countries. It is concluded that in Sudan there were implemented control programs against brucellosis and there is excellent work done in the production of brucella vaccines and antigens, in the Sultanate of Oman. There were limitted control programs against brucellosis and it had been monitored as a human health hazzard and in both countries brucellosis was not dealt with as enough as its importance. Finally there were suggested recommendations regarding more focus in dealing with brucellosis as zoonosis and some proceedures that could help in its control in both countries. In Sudan it was recommended to give more attention to diagnosis of human brucellosis and in the Sultanate of Oman it is recommended to strengthen the reseach and studies on brucellosis.
Description
69 Pages
Keywords
comparative Study , Occurrence , Brucellosis, Sudan , Sultanate of Oman,human population
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