The prevalence of neurological complications in sudanese diabetic patients. 2002-2003

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Mohamed, Galal
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This is a descriptive clinical study compiled at Al Shaab Teaching Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan, with Department of Internal Medicine – Khartoum University on 100 patients during the period from February 2002 to October 2004. The objective of this study was to identify the prevalence of the neurological complications of diabetic patients attending the outpatient clinics of Al Shaab Teaching Hospital in Khartoum.. One hundred cases of diabetes mellitus (DM) were studied for prevalence of neurological manifestations, they were 62 male and 38 females. More than 85% were above the age of 35 years and 56% were in the age group 35- 64. The patients were from different tribes and different states. This study revealed that 60% of the diabetic patients examined have neurological manifestations. The main neurological complication is peripheral sensori-motor neuropathy. Diabetic amyotrophy was found in 8% of patients There was a significant positive correlation between age, duration of diabetes, glycaemic control and occurrence of the neurological complications. 60% of the patients of diabetes mellitus with neurological manifestations were of Northern Sudanese origin while the rest of patients were from eastern and western states. 83.7% of the patients were type 1 diabetes mellitus and 78.4% of them have diabetes for one year or more duration. Hypertension was found to be associated with diabetes mellitus. in 28% of patients
neurological complications,Diabetes mellitus, D.M,diabetic patients