Technical Efficiency of Production In The Mechanized Rain-Fed Sector A Case of Habila Scheme, Sudan.

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Mohamed, Ibrahim Elnour Ibrahim
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This study was carried out in Habila mechanized rain-fed sub-sector in the Dilling locality. The main purposes of the study are to measure technical efficiency of producing sorghum and sesame, to determine main factors behind technical inefficiency, and to identify the socio-economic factors that affecting the level of efficiency of farmers. The study used primary and secondary data. Primary data were collected using structured questionnaire for 100 farmers in the sub-sector, and it covers the socio-economics characteristics of farmers, and the different inputs quantities used in agricultural practices. Secondary data were collected from different sources, which include Ministry of Agriculture and Forests (MOAF), Habila Mechanized Farming Corporation (MFC), in addition to various documents, records, books, periodicals and reports. The Stochastic Production Frontier (SPF) analysis was used to estimate the technical efficiency of producing sorghum and sesame in the scheme, and to determine the factors behind inefficiency such as gender, age educational level, marital status, family size, main occupation, type of finance, and extension services. Also, descriptive statistics were used to analyze the socio-economic characteristics of farmers. The result showed that most of the estimated ^6; co-efficient of the stochastic frontier model for both sorghum and sesame production model have the expected signs, and significance. The mean technical efficiency is 65% and 72% for sorghum and sesame crops, respectively. This means that the farmers can increase their sorghum and sesame output by 35% and 28%, respectively through the better use of the farmers, available resources if the farmers are technically efficient. The age of farmers, main occupation, family size, and educational level are significance in explaining technical inefficiency in the Habila, except the extension services and type of credit are not significance for both sorghum and sesame crops production. Lastly, in order to improve technical efficiency for sorghum and sesame production in the area, the study recommended that improvement in educational level, credit availability and timely accessibility for small farmers and provision of extension services.
Habila Scheme
University of khartoum