Determinants and Cosequences of the Extension Workers Job Satisfaction in Khartoum State

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Mohamed, Baha El Din Mohamed Khamiss
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In most developing countries, traditional agriculture dominate the economy; thus for national progress to occur, change in agriculture is essential to improve the economy and quality of life. Therefore, a great deal of the responsibility for bringing about this change rests on the shoulders of agricultural extension. Accordingly, extension workers are considered as a major factor for a successful extension service. In the Sudan, agricultural extension has been operational for a period of more than thirty years and it has failed to play an important role in developing the agricultural sector because agricultural extension activities were seldom given any attention from the political and official leaders in comparison to other activities. This situation has resulted in the dissatisfaction of the extension workers' needs at work, and accordingly, the weakness of the agricultural extension service. The main purpose of this study is to explore the most important determinants of the extension workers job satisfaction in Khartoum state and the most important consequences of the extension workers job satisfaction/dissatisfaction. So that recommendations can be developed to help the State Ministry of Agriculture in Khartoum to provide better conditions for the extension workers as an important factor for a successful extension service. Primary data was collected through face-to-face interviews. Since the population is limited, the study surveyed all the population (no sampling). Simple descriptive statistics (frequency distribution and percentages) are used to describe some of the extension workers' characteristics and conditions. Then multiple regressions are used to examine the relationship between extension workers job satisfaction performance and some variables of interest. The study showed that the level of job satisfaction of the extension workers in Khartoum state is low. As a result of low level of job satisfaction, more than half of the extension workers made attempts of looking for other jobs. The regression results showed that, all variables which are expected to affect job satisfaction have no significant effect on the extension workers job satisfaction in Khartoum state. Also out of all variables which are expected to affect performance, only non-extension assignments were found to have significant influence on the extension workers' performance. Despite it is argued that the non-extension assignments will distract the extension workers from the extension activities, in this study the non-extension assignments are found to motivate the extension workers to improve their extension work. The study recommends that, extension organization or management should stress the significance and importance of motives at extension work. It also recommends the necessity of research to explore other variables that may have significant influence on job satisfaction.
University of khartoum