Effect of Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum) Seeds Supplementaion on Feed Intake, Some Metabolic Hormones Profile and Milk Yield Of Nubian Goats

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Mohamed, Nada
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The objectives of this study were to assess the effect of fenugreek seeds supplementation on feed intake, some metabolic hormones, milk yield and composition of lactating Nubian goats. Twelve mature Nubian does were randomly distributed into 4 treatment groups according to the level of fenugreek seed levels, viz. FS0%, FS5% and FS10%, FS15% fed immediately postpartum for 2 consecutive months. Data pertaing to feed intake and milk yield were recorded daily. Milk and blood samples, for determination of the chemical composition and serum concentration of insulin, triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), were taken every two weeks. The results indicated that both daily feed intake and milk yield increased significantly with the increased levels of fenugreek seed supplement, with concomitant decrease in milk fat content, while the other milk components (protein, lactose and SNF) showed inconsistent patterns. On the other hand, fenugreek seed supplementation at 10% and 15% levels increase significantly the concentration of insulin, and T4 and a decreased in T3 concentration. The results highlighted that fenugreek seed supplementation boosted feed intake, milk yield, insulin and T4.