حضارة كرمة: النشأة والتطور والإمتداد الجغرافي

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Date
2015-06-15
Authors
شاهندة عمر أحمد, الباشا
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uofk
Abstract
The kingdom of Kerma has stemmed out of a long line of a cultural tradition rooted in the fertile area between Dongola and the third cataract in northern Sudan. The area yields evidence of old, middle and New stone Age sites, as well as what came to be known Pre- Kerma artifacts. These early forms of human adaptations evolved into a high civilization with major centers, strong commercial inter-relations and military powers that have expanded north and south to dominate the area between the first and the forth cataract. The excavations recovered a center with massive mud brick buildings, vast cemeteries and various other remains. Architectural observations at Kerma tend to show three cities, a Nubian , an Egyptian and a Napatan. On the other hand the cemeteries has confirmed the chronology provided by excavations at-Sai that four phases have evolved. This thesis addresses the cultural characteristics of this civilization, its monuments, its geographical extension and the continuity and change in its manifestations which have transformed Kerma into a political entity with considerable powers
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حضارة كرمة: النشأة والتطور والإمتداد الجغرافي
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