الأثر الاقتصادي و الاجتماعي للهجرة الداخلية في ولاية الخرطوم دراسة حالة معسكر جبل الاولياء

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Date
2015-05-12
Authors
ارباب, فاطمة عبد المجيد محمد
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Publisher
UOFK
Abstract
This research is about the social and economical status of immigrants in Khartoum state . The data was collected from many sources among those the 4th census of the year 1993 on internal immigration . A survey was carried out through using sample figures . The target groups are families in Gabal Awlia (Bantyo) camp . There for 200 families were interviewed , and 150 families were capacity of the sample it has been distributed according to the layers which were determined in the design of the samples layer record . The objectives of this study are to find the reasons behind immigration and the motivations behind it , and the available job opportunities for them . To investigate whether there are basic services ( electricity , transportation , basic schools and health centers ) . To study the fluctuation between their statuses before and after immigration . War has been among the 65% effective elements behind the migration . As a result many of these families were forced to leave their homes and are considered as a migrant families . Due to war and it's reflections , productivity has been the driving factor that most of them are between 34 and 45 years old . High illiteracy rate plays a major role , in addition to the abovementioned factors . The estimations of migrant ratio was between 65% of southern civilians and 35% of western state residents . The study included that most 59% of the migrants were economically active as farmers when they were at their home lands . but now , the nature of working has changed to migrants jobs has in markets . in additions , it has been clear that unemployment is one of the important reflections of the wars . Also the drastic change to worse in their status before coming to Khartoum state and after that . Those were the reasons behind their illness and weaknesses . Production of liquor has been the activity that most of families benefit from. 80% of the migrants think that their standards of living before leaving their home land were satisfactory . The migrants has been suffering from the decrease of initial services such as residence and low educational status in additions to the market place displacement . It appears that migrants in Bantyo camp have no problem with water supply , but they use to carry water in plastic containers , which affects their health condition . The study recommendations (1) the other city in Khartoum state should give the needed information to researchers about the status in displace camps .(2) the improvements of living conditions of migrants by paying attention to educational factors and other basic services , (3) finding way to reduce of poverty , (4) market should be fully organized to meet their needs , (5) those who want to go back to their home land should be helped to go , (6) the country should pay attention to place markets that to enhanced the principles of development for farmers in their areas , (7) the needed support of the camp should be a achieved .
Description
April, 2004
Keywords
الهجرة الداخلية ،ولاية الخرطوم
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