Some Husbandry Aspects of Camels in the Butana Area in Eastern Sudan

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Mohamed Salman, Ali
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Camels play an important role in all pastoral societies in Butana area in Eastern Sudan. Owners use camels and their products for several purposes. They mean: wealth, capital, security and social status. Camel milk is the main source of food for herdsmen. Camels are rarely slaughtered except in special occasions such as weddings. The present study covers some reproductive and productive aspects of Butana camels. In addition husbandry practices and management aspects in camels in Butana area are also considered. A questionnaire was conducted with a random group of camels' herdsmen. Five herds of camels in their natural habitats were selected from the study area and were investigated frequently. At least seven visits were carried out on a monthly basis to these five groups. Data and samples were collected. The results showed that the she-camel reached puberty at 3 - 4 years. Gestation period average was 377 days, and calving interval was 24 - 30 months. Rate of birth in the herds was 55 % and calf mortality was 40%. Abortion rate ranged from 13 - 21 %. Daily milk yield was highly variable among seasons and ranged from 1.38 - 6.7 liters/day. Mature females represent 50% of the total number of animals in the herds. Protein, fat, moisture and ash percent in milk was 3.84%, 3.72%, 88.67%, 0.71%, respectively. Na and P percentage in ash were 0.59 % and 0.88 %, respectively. Body measurements for the five herds were taken on a random sample of animals. Because of the lack of large weigh bridges an appropriate mathematical formula was used to convert these measurements into live weights.
Husbandry Aspects,Camels,Butana Area,Eastern Sudan