Carcass Characteristics, Meat Yield and Quality of Different Types of Western Baggara Cattle

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Date
1994
Authors
Rahma Aziz Ajaj
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
University of Khartoum
Abstract
A study was conducted to investigate the difference between two types of Western Baggara cattle (Nyalawi and Messiriya types) in their live animal and carcass measurements, yield of wholesale cuts and meat quality. Nyalawi type had higher (P<0.0l) height at withers, heart girth, chest depth, hip width and abdomen circumference while Messiriya type had a higher (P<0.01) trunk length. While Messiriya type had higher (P<0.01) fat thickness at the 12th. Nyalawi type had a higher (P<0.01) kidney, pelvic and heart (KPH) fat percentage. Longissimus muscle area and other linear carcass measurements were not statistically different between the two types (P>0.05). Comparison between the two types in the yield of the wholesale cuts revealed that Nyalawi had higher (P<0.0l) absolute weights of all wholesale cuts except the brisket which was higher in Messiriya type. As to the percentage of primal cuts, Messiriya had higher (P<0.0l) loin and round percentages whereas Nyalawi had higher rib (P<0.0l) and chuck (P<0.05) percentages. This indicates that Messiriya type had higher (P<0.0l) percentage of high quality cuts compared to Nyalawi. Meat quality was not different between the two types although Nyalawi type had a higher (P<0.0l) protein content in its longissimus muscle, moisture and ether extract were not significantly different between the two types.
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Keywords
University of Khartoum Carcass Meat Yield Western Baggara Cattle
Citation
Rahma Aziz Ajaj, Carcass Characteristics, Meat Yield and Quality of Different Types of Western Baggara Cattle .- Khartoum : University of Khartoum, 1994 .- illus., 28cm., MS.c.