The Impact of Economic Factors on Sorghum Production in Mechanized Farming in Northern and Southern Gadarif Area

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Mohammed, Eiman Ali Suliman
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This study was conduced in Gadarif State, privileged with good climate for production of sorghum and sesame under rainfall conditions. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of socio- economic factors on sorghum crop production in the study area. To achieve this objective the study used descriptive statistics, budget analysis and multiple regression analyses to give out needed indicators. Primary and secondary data were used for the analysis. The primary data was collected from a field survey in northern and southern Gadarif for the season 2004/2005. The selected random sample included fifty-two respondents. The study results revealed that most of respondents were in the active age group, with secondary and university education. They managed agriculture schemes ranging between one thousand to five thousands feddans per scheme. The budget analysis results indicated that the cost of production was higher in southern Gadarif than that in northern Gadarif due to higher rainfall and infestation with pests and weeds. Buda was the most dominant weed. Accordingly the gross marginal revenue was negative across the total area of sorghum production in southern Gadarif contrary to that of northern Gadarif. The results of the multiple regression analysis indicated the existence of positive and significant relationship between sorghum production and sorghum cultivated area, and negative relationship with rainfall and deterioration of soil fertility. Also the results indicated a negative and significant relationship between the supply of sorghum to Gadarif crop markets, fees on crop and high cost of transportation. The study recommended to cultivate sorghum in recommended areas, use of improved seeds, conservation of environment by imposing planting of 5% of the area by forest trees inside the agricultural schemes and encourage the raising of livestock to reduce crop losses during drought periods.
January 2005