Some Studies On The Fungus Fusarium Moniliforme (Sheldon)Isolated From Common Bean (Phaseolus Vulgaris .L)Seeds

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Date
2015-05-18
Authors
Osman, Mutasim Mohamed
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UOFK
Abstract
Four samples of common bean (PhasIeolus vulgaris ) were used in this study , two samples from Hudieba Research Station, one sample from Berber area and one sample from Shendi area. Samples were tested by dry inspection, blotter test and agar plate method. The dry inspection revealed malformation, discoloration and some impurities. In blotter method Fusarium moniliforme isolated might be for the first time in Sudan. Also the following fungi were detected : Fusarium oxysporum, Macrophomina phaseolina, Alternaria alternata, Drechslera specifer, Cladosporium sp, Curvulavria lunata, Aspergillus niger and Rhizopus sp. Disinfection of seeds with sodium hypochlorite before plating showed that Fusarium moniliforme was a seed-borne fungus Czapek's Dox agar was found to be the best medium for the growth of the fungus Fusarium moniliforme. In vitro the fungicides Tilt and Bayleton were found effective in controlling the growth of the fungus Fusarium moniliforme.
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2005
Keywords
Bean (Phaseolus Vulgaris .L)
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