Medicinal Plants in Sudan: Role in Animal and Human Health, Productivity and Poverty Alleviation

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El Badwi, S. M. A.
Hassan, S. M.
Gameel, A. A.
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Sudan has a wide diversity climate which is responsible for its varied vegetation and very rich flora. Currently, according to the World Health Organization, about 80% of the world population depends on traditional medicine for primary health care. In Sudan as well as elsewhere, people prefer to use traditional medicine rather than synthetic drugs, because herbs can easily be obtained from nature and are cheap and have less side effects. This review paper aims at presenting data on the therapeutic activity of some medicinal plants used in Sudanese traditional medicine for animal and human diseases with emphasis on published data in Sudan in addition to research conducted by graduate students at the University of Khartoum. The review, also, highlights the toxicity of some plants that limited their use despite useful active ingredients. The review includes data on plants with antimicrobial, antiparasitic, hepatoprotective, hypoglycemic and antioxidant activities, and many have direct impact on animal welfare, food security and increase in national economy
Medicinal plants; animal health; human health; poverty alleviation